Urine analysis is an essential tool in conjunction with blood testing.
Urine contains by-products from many organs not just the kidneys themselves and analysis of these products can help interpret how these organs are functioning. The analysis measures various parameters.
A refractometer is used to measure the Specific Gravity. This indicates the urine concentration and helps to tell us if the kidneys are functioning correctly.
A urine dipstick measures substances such as protein, glucose, ketones and blood. The pH of the urine is also measured and this indicates the acidity or alkalinity of the urine.
Lastly the urine is centrifuged to separate the sediment and a microscope slide of the urine is analysed to determine the type and amount of crystals and/ or blood cells present.
How do I collect a urine sample from my cat?
The easiest way to collect a urine sample from your cat is to replace their normal cat litter in their tray with a non-absorbing one. We can supply you with Katkor which are small plastic beads and contain a pipette and collection tube for you to collect the sample in. Ideally once the sample is collected you should bring it in to us as a fresh sample gives us the most accurate results. If you are unable to bring the sample in straight away then it should be refrigerated overnight.
Click on the video below to watch how to collect a urine sample from your cat.
How do I collect a urine sample from my dog?
While you are taking your dog out for a toilet break, slide your collection pot under their stream of urine. A saucer can be ideal for sliding under female dogs when they squat. Your collection pot should be spotlessly clean as any residue can interfere with the test results. We can provide you with a collection pot if needed. Ideally once the sample is collected you should bring it in to us a fresh sample gives us the most accurate results. If you are unable to bring the sample in straight away then it should be refrigerated overnight.